Guanyin (Avalokiteshvara), 960-1368 (Song Dynasty or Yuan Dynasty)
Wood, gesso, paint, and gilding
Overall: 35 in x 21 in x 12 in; 88.9 cm x 53.3 cm x 30.5 cm
Gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation
This sculpture has survived in remarkable condition for centuries, and though it has lost its hands and lower body, it retains its original presence and power. Guanyin is among the most beloved bodhisattvas (enlightened beings) in Buddhism, and is associated with compassion—reflected here in the graceful, down-turned eyes and subtle smile.
The curving lines of the cheeks, lips, and eyes suggest a feminine deity, while the body’s straight lines evoke masculinity. This is not unusual for depictions of Guanyin in this period; early images of the bodhisattva are male, while depictions after the 12th century are mostly female. One can only imagine the original impact of this regal sculpture, painted colorfully and ornamented in gold.
-Kendra Weisbin, Associate Curator of Education, Mount Holyoke College Art Museum (Sept. 2016)